|The drug addiction has become one of the most serious problems in the contemporary world. All the societies are trying hard to resolve it but they have very little success as yet. Drug addicts are neglected section of the society that needs special attention. If these people are not taken care of, they may not only harm themselves but cause damage to the socio-cultural norms of society. Social Welfare Department has established Drug Rehabilitation Center for the rehabilitation of addicts.
This is a single model institution established in Multan for the rehabilitation of drug addicts (only male). The basic objective of this institution is to establish a model drug rehabilitation center where addicts may be provided with medical treatment along with the technical training so that they may become an active member of the society. Institution consists of two blocks; treatment block and rehabilitation and vocational skill training block. The center has the capacity to accommodate 50 addicts at a time.
Individuals addicted to the use of opium, heroine, poppy or any other intoxicating drugs are eligible for the admission.
Following addicts can get admission in the center:
Following free of cost facilities are given to the addicts:
After the medical examination addicts are admitted in treatment center where Social Case Worker and Psychologist prepare case history of each patient. Addicts are detoxified in the treatment center for 10 to 15 days depending on the condition of the patient. Detoxification is the first phase in the treatment process. During this period the physical withdrawal of the drug takes place. The main features of the detoxification phase are 1) Systematic medical treatment 2) No substitute drugs 3) Bath therapy 4) Individual counseling 5) Open door policy 6) Peer support and Medical Officer appointed in the center are responsible for the physical condition of the patient. Those completed detoxification are referred for rehabilitation.
Rehabilitation and Vocational Skills Training
Drug addicts who completed detoxification at center are provided the following rehabilitation services:
The primary rehabilitation phase lasts for 8 weeks and focuses on drug education/ awareness, behavioral change and life skills development through 1) Therapeutic sessions 2) Individual/ group counseling 3) Lecturers/ groups 4) Vocational rehabilitation 5) Therapeutic duties 6) Family program etc. Intake/ assessment forms comprising personal history of drink and drug intake, medical, family, legal and leisure history are prepared individual client treatment plans; client profiles and goals for recovery are also developed. Family program is conducted once a week for the family member of clients. Activities include lecturers for education on addiction and recovery, group discussions, counseling and support for family members and confrontation with clients.
Secondary Rehabilitation/Vocational Skills Training
In the secondary rehabilitation phase, which lasts up to 6 months, more emphasis is made on vocational skills training and social reintegration of clients. Vocational skills trainings are provided to clients according to their needs and interests.
A strong and regular system of follow up is devised for addicts leaving the Welfare Home so that they may not resort to addiction as well as get permanently adjusted to a respectable life by earning wages/ salary. The Superintendent and the Departmental Officers at Lahore and outside exchange and communicate information with each other to reach the addicts who leave center. Performa is devised for the regular monitoring of the addicts. This is ongoing activity that is carried out by letters, telephone, personal visits by staff and ex-clients to ascertain the recovery status and needs of ex-clients.
Aftercare is provided at center to clients who have completed treatment and rehabilitation. It provides guidance and counseling for coping with problems, resolving family conflicts, adaptation to work and social integration.
Relapse prevention programmes
Support, guidance and skills are provided to clients for prevention of relapse, reduction its frequency and severity and overcoming hurdler in recovery. These comprised lectures, group meetings, discussions and counseling.